The proclamation of an independent Ukrainian state has stimulated the development of educational creative work, intensified search for new organizational and technological models of teaching and educational process. New educational institutions, author’s and alternative schools, original concepts of teaching and education began to emerge. There was a need for a thorough study, scientific understanding and development on this basis of the strategy and tactics of the Ukrainian school. This intensified scientific and pedagogical public on creating its own research and educational center.
Supporting the leading Ukrainian scientists demand, the President of Ukraine L. Kravchuk on March 4, 1992 signed a decree on the foundation of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine (APS of Ukraine) as the highest branch scientific institution. Pursuant to the Decree of June 16, 1992 the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine adopted a resolution which provided specific measures on establishment of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine. M.D. Yarmachenko was appointed as a President-organizer. The full members - the founders of the Academy have become 15 famous scientists in Ukraine (F.S. Arvat, E.G. Goncharuk, O.A. Zakharenko, L.O. Kanischenko, O.V. Kirichuk, V.M. Madzihon, B.I. Mokin, V.F. Prisnyakov, I.F. Prokopenko O.Y.Savchenko, V.I. Skok, V.V. Skopenko, P.M. Talanchuk, M.I. Shkil, M.D. Yarmachenko).
A meeting of academicians-founders was held on November 17, 1992, and completed the formation of the Academy. 7 full members and 17 corresponding members of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine were selected. On November 18, 1992, at the first general meeting M.D. Yarmachenko was elected the President of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine, L.O.Kanischenko – the Vice President, O.Y. Savchenko – the Chief Scientific Secretary. The Academy was formed of three departments: Department of theory and history of education; Department of didactics, methods and information technologies in education; Department of psychology, age physiology and defectology. The Academy consisted of the Research Institute of Pedagogy, the Research Institute of Psychology and the Republican Pedagogical Museum.